Violence in online media and its implication to Islamic education of Indonesia

Abdullah Aly, Muhammad Thoyibi

Abstract


This article focused on two aspects. In aspect one we focused on the respond of online media to the issues of violence in Indonesia, especially Suara Muhammadiyah Online and Nahdhatul Ulama Online. In aspect two we recommend that the results of this study be the basis for developing Islamic education in Indonesia. Data collection was conducted by document study to texts of Suara Muhammadiyah Online as well as Nahdhatul Ulama Online, especially the issues of violence in Indonesia. The data were analyzed with discourse analysis used social semiotics model of Halliday, M.A.K. The study found that Muhammadiyah and NU had the same response to the issues of violence in Indonesia as social problems which should be denied. Both reject any form of violence, although they differ in detail the types of violence and the reasons for the rejection of violent cases in Indonesia. Furthermore, the results of the study recommended selecting both teaching materials and learning methods. Both were the opinions of Ibn Miskawayh and Naquib al-Attas and were further offered as a strategy to reduce the cases of violence that have occurred in Indonesia.

Artikel ini fokus pada dua aspek: fokus pertama pada tanggapan media online terhadap isu-isu kekerasan di Indonesia, terutama Suara Muhammadiyah Online dan Nahdhatul Ulama Online; fokus kedua adalah pada rekomendasi bahwa hasil penelitian ini menjadi dasar untuk mengembangkan pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan studi dokumen teks-teks Suara Muhammadiyah Online serta Nahdhatul Ulama Online, terutama yang terkait dengan masalah kekerasan di Indonesia. Data dianalisis dengan analisis wacana yang menggunakan model semiotika sosial Halliday, M.A.K. Studi ini menemukan bahwa Muhammadiyah dan NU memiliki respons yang sama terhadap masalah kekerasan di Indonesia sebagai masalah sosial yang harus ditolak. Keduanya menolak segala bentuk kekerasan, meskipun mereka berbeda secara rinci mengenai jenis kekerasan dan alasan penolakan terhadap kasus kekerasan di Indonesia. Selanjutnya, hasil penelitian merekomendasikan memilih bahan ajar dan metode pembelajaran yang dikemukakan oleh Ibn Miskawayh dan Naquib al-Attas dan selanjutnya ditawarkan sebagai strategi untuk mengurangi kasus-kasus kekerasan yang terjadi di Indonesia.


Keywords


Online media; M ainstream Islamic organization; Violence; Islamic teaching materials

Full Text:

PDF PDF

References


Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib, Konsep Pendidikan dalam Islam. Bandung: Mizan,1984. Arismunandar, Satrio, “Perkembangan Terkini dalam Industri Media dan Hubungannya dengan Kurikulum Ilmu Komunikasi di Perguruan Tinggi”, Jurnal Ilmiah SCRIPTURA ISSN 1978-385X Vol. I No.1 (Januari 2007), 38-47.

Arsyad, Junaidi, “Metode Perumpamaan Dalam Praktik Mengajar Rasulullah”, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam dan Teknologi Pendidikan vol.VII, no 1 (2017), 1-22.

Artha, Dewi Juni, “Pengaruh Pemilihan Tayangan Televisi terhadap Perkembangan Sosialisasi Anak”, Jurnal EduTech, Vol. 2 No. 1 (Maret 2016), 18-26.

Bakhtiar, Yusnanik, “Kebijakan Hukum Pidana dalam Penyelesaian Kekerasan Bullying di Sekolah”, LEGITIMASI vol. VI, no. 1 (2017), 114-127.

Bhattacharya, Haimanti, “Mass Media Exposure and attitudes toward spousel violence in India”, in The Social Sciences Journal, Volume 53, Issue 4 (December 2016), 398-416.

Dalope, Kristin A., dkk., “Digital Media Use and families: Theories and Stratgies for Intervention”, in Child and Adolescend Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Volume 27, Issue 2 (April 2018), 145-158.

Desmond Upton Patton, “Internet benging: new trends in social media, gang violence, masculinity and hip hop”, Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 29, Issue 5 (September 2013), a54-a59.

Fedina, Lisa, et.all. “Police violence among women in four U.S. cities”, dalam Preventive Medicine, Volume 106 (January 2018), 50-156.

Haliday, M.A.K. and Martin, J.R., Writing Science: Literacy and Discursive Power. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press,1993.

Haliday, M.A.K. dan Ruqaiya Hasan, Bahasa, Teks, dan Konteks: Aspek-aspek Bahasan dalam Pandangan Semiotika Sosial, Yogyakarta: Gajahmada University Press, 1994.

Hamad, Ibnu, “Lebih Dekat dengan Analisis Wacana”, dalam MEDIATOR. Vol. 8, No. 2 (2007), 325-343. Hasibuan, Salman. “Penelitian Kualitatif: Studi Teks dan Dokumentasi” http://www.academia.edu/11704174/studi_teks_dan_dokumentasi_dalam_penelitian_kualit atif_dalam_komunikasi_magister_ilmu_komunikasi_universitas_sumatera_utara_2015_, accessed 5 January 2018.

Hidayat, Nur, “Metode Keteladanan Dalam Pendidikan Islam”, TA’ALLUM, vol. 03, no. 02, (2015), 135-150.

Lamela, Diogo, et.all, “Typologies of intimate partner violence-maternal parenting and children’s externalizing problems: The moderating effect of the exposure to other forms of family violence”, Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 81 (2018), 286-295.

Martin-Storey, Alexa, et.all, “Sexual Violence on Campus: Differences Across Gneder and Sexual Minority Status”, Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 62, Issue 6 (June 2018), 701-707.

Miskawaih, Ibnu, Menuju Kesempurnaan Akhlak, terj. Helmi Hidayat, Bandung: Mizan, 1994.

Moya, Andrés, “Violence, psychological trauma, and risk attitudes: Evidence from victims of violence in Columbia”, dalam Journal of Development Economics, Volume 131 (March 2018), 15-27.

Nata, Abudin, Filsafat Pendidikan Islam, Jakarta: PT Logos Wacana Ilmu, 2001.

Paina, “Tindak Tutur Komisi Bahasa Jawa: Kajian Sosiopragmatik”, Disertasi, Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2010.

Pihl, Patricia, et.all, “Violence prevention in special education schools – an integrated practice?”, Research in Developmental Disability Journal, Volume 77 (June 2018), 87-97.

Portoghese, Igor, et.all, “Fear of future violence at work and job burnout: A diary study on the role of psychological violence and job control”, Burnout Research 7 (2017), 36-46.

Rahmat, Jalaluddin, Psikologi Komunikasi, Bandung: PT Remaja Rosda Karya, 2011.

Santoso, Anang, “Jejak Haliday dalam Linguistik Kritis dan Analisis Wacana Kritis”, Jurnal Bahasa dan Seni, Vol. 36, No.1 (Februari 2008), 1-15.

Sholeh, Asrorun Niam. “KPAI: Kekerasan oleh Ibu, Cyber Crime, dan Terorisme Anak Meningkat di 2016”, https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3378910/kpai-kekerasan-oleh-ibu-cyber-crime-danterorisme-anak-meningkat-di-2016, accessed 8 January 2018.

Sugiyono, Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif, Bandung: ALFABETA, 2005. Sunarto, Televisi, Kekerasan, dan Perempuan, Jakarta: PT Kompas Media Nusantara, 2009. Surahman, Sigit, “Fenomena Berita Kekerasan di Media Televisi: Perspektif Teori Kultivasi”, Jurnal Lontar vol. 4 no. 2 (2016), 31-42.

Syakirah dan Ahmad Rudy Fardiyan, Fadhilah, “Kekerasan Verbal Mahasiswa Senior Terhadap Mahasiswa Junior dalam Relasi Intersubjektif”, Jurnal MetaKom vol. I, no. 1 (2017), 3952.

Tiruneh Tadesse, Bewket, dkk., “High incident of interpersonal violence in Northwest Ethipia: A cross-sectional study”, in International Emergency Nursing, Volume 23, Issue 3 (July 2015), 213-217.

Wulff, Christian, “Violence and mass media: are laws and regulation effecetive”, in International Journal of Hygiene and Enviromrntal Health, Volume 210, Issue 5 (31 October 2007), 547-550.

Yuan, Yihong, dkk., “Exploring inter-country connection in mass media: A case study of China”, in Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, Volume 62 (March 2017), 86-96.

Yuliati, Nova, “Televisi dan Fenomena Kekerasan Perspektif Teori Kultivasi”, MEDIATOR, vol. 6, no. 1 (Juni 2005), 159-166.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v10i1.177-198

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies indexed by: