Religious conflict and regional autonomy in church establishment and Islamic clothing in West Pasaman and Dharmasraya West Sumatera

Nunu Burhanuddin, Ahmad Ali Nurdin, Muhammad Irfan Helmy

Abstract


This paper analyses how religious minorities in West Pasaman and Dharmasraya have been disturbed by the implementation of regional autonomy policies. By examining the church establishment and Islamic clothing enactment in the region as case studies, the paper shows that the conflicts between Muslims and Christians were caused by the discriminatory regional regulations against minority groups. This study uses an ethnographic approach, consisting of interviews and extensive observational research in the research site to collect the data. The article argues that the implementation of local government policies such as the very strict requirement to establish church and Islamic clothing regulations for students have negative impacts on the harmonious relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims in the region. Thus, local government officers should take into consideration minority and majority-group relationships in creating regional religious regulations.


Penelitian ini menganalisa bagaimana kaum minoritas agama di Pasaman Barat dan Dharmasraya terusik dengan implementasi kebijakan otonomi daerah. Dengan mengkaji aturan pendirian gereja dan busana Islami sebagai kasusnya, artikel ini menunjukkan bahwa konflik yang terjadi antara Muslim dan Kristen di daerah tersebut disebabkan karena regulasi otonomi daerah yang bersipat diskriminatif bagi kalangan kaum minoritas. Studi ini menggunakan metode etnografi dengan menggunakan wawancara dan observasi yang ekstensif di lokasi penelitian sebagai teknik pengumpulan data. Peneliti berargumen bahwa penerapan kebijakan pemerintahan lokal seperti ketatnya persyaratan membangun rumah ibadah (gereja) dan aturan kewajiban memakai busana Islam bagi pelajar mempunyai implikasi negatif terhadap hubungan antara Muslim dan non-Muslim di daerah tersebut. Karenanya, pemerintah daerah harus berhati hati dan mempertimbangkan hubungan kelompok minoritas-mayoritas dalam membuat aturan daerah yang berhubungan dengan agama.


Keywords


Conflict; Regional Autonomy; Church Establishment; Islamic Clothing

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References


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Interviews:

Interview with Edison Zelmi, S.Stp, MM, Head of West Pasaman, 31.09.2017.

-------------, Sanuri, one of the management of Wonosari Chapel, West Pasaman, 01.10.2017.

-------------, Zaenal Abidin, management of Al-Mujahidin Mosque of Wonosari, West Pasaman, 02.10.2017.

-------------, Rosmeri Napitupulu, pastor assistant in HKBP Church, West Pasaman, 02.10.2017.

-------------, Paskalis Riswanto Halawa, Parish Secretary of Keluarga Kudus, Mahakarya Church, West Pasaman, 02.10.2017.

-------------, Khairuddin, Secretary of Kesbangpol Dharmasraya, Dharmasraya, 05.11.2017.

-------------, Rusmiati, a Christian citizen in Wonosari Kinali, West Pasaman, 02.10.2017.

-------------, Mendri Doni, a Secretary in Nagari Sungai Rumbay Timur, 02.11.2017.

-------------, Dodi Nasti, Satpol PP in Sungai Rumbay Subdistrict Dharmasraya, 02.11.2017.

-------------, One of Management of House of Worship in Oil Palm Plantation PT Sumber Andalas Kencana (PT. SAK), 20.08.2017.

-------------, Basri, a Muslim Citizen in Wonosari and Transmigrant from Kendal Central Java, on 1 October 2017

-------------, Nasakti, Kasi Kesra Luhak Nan Duo Subdistrict West Pasaman, on 2 October 2017

-------------, Basri a Muslim citizen living around the Wonosari Chapel, Wonosari, 01.10.2017.

-------------, Aminullah Salim, Management of FKUB Dharmasraya Regency, 02.10.2017.

-------------, Eri Erizal, Kaur Nagari Sungai Rumabay Dharmasraya, 02.10.2017.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v9i2.189-216

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