Waqf fundraising management: a conceptual comparison between traditional and modern methods in the waqf institutions

Muhammad Shulthoni, Norma Md Saad

Abstract


This paper focuses on the theoretical structure of funding for Islamic philanthropy, especially waqf. Waqa>f is projected to play further significant role to tackle present social problems, where financial sustainability has become one of the foremost challenges faced by awqa>f institutions. There is a need to study various models of fundraising that could be applied to reform awqa>f institutions. Employing content analysis approach, this paper analyses traditional and modern structures of fundraising that are applicable for development and management of waqa>f fundraising: istibda>l, h}ukr, ija>ratayn, venture philanthropy of waqf model (VPWM), value-based capital model of waqf (VBCMW), and social enterprise waqf fund model (SEWF).The discussions are expected to be able to contribute towards boosting a better fundraising management of awqa>f institutions in Muslim communities as well as countries.
Makalah ini fokus pada struktur teoritis pendanaan untuk filantropi Islam, terutama wakaf. Wakaf diproyeksikan untuk memainkan peran penting lebih lanjut untuk mengatasi masalah sosial saat ini, di mana keberlanjutan keuangan
telah menjadi salah satu tantangan utama yang dihadapi oleh lembaga-lembaga
awqa>f. Ada kebutuhan untuk mempelajari berbagai model penggalangan dana
yang dapat diterapkan untuk mereformasi institusi awqa>f. Dengan menggunakan
pendekatan analisis isi, makalah ini menganalisis struktur penggalangan dana
tradisional dan modern yang berlaku untuk pengembangan dan pengelolaan
penggalangan dana wakaf: istibda>l, h}ukr, ija>ratayn, venture philanthropy of
waqf model (VPWM), value-based capital model of waqf (VBCMW), dan social
enterprise waqf fund model (SEWF). Diskusi diharapkan dapat berkontribusi
untuk meningkatkan manajemen penggalangan dana yang lebih baik dari
lembaga awqaf di komunitas Muslim serta negara.

Keywords


Waqf fundraising; Management; Traditional method of fundraising; Modern method of fundraising

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v8i1.57-86

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