Examining Jakarta office mosques: Islamic teaching practices and views of Islamic ideological issues

Ridwan Al-Makassary

Abstract


This paper discusses Islamic teaching practices and perceptions of mosque stake-
holders concerning the ideological issues of: a democratic system of government
versus formal implementation of Islamic sharia; gender equality; jihad, and plu-
ralism in the Jakarta office mosques. After describing the research findings, the
paper concludes that the phenomenon of neo-fundamentalism (in Olivier Roy’s
words) is growing and developing in office mosques. This can be seen in the
dominance of literal and scripturalist Islamic interpretations, the importance given
to implementing Islamic sharia and the rejection of democracy, a hatred of Jews
and Christians and the emergence of Muslim youth actors in Islamic neo-fundamentalism. Other findings concern the influence of the Tarbiyah movement, an
offshoot of the Ikhwanul Muslimin (Muslim Brotherhood), which is being felt in
the office mosques studied. Learning about Islamist understandings will allow us
to check its development, which may destroy the friendly, peaceful face of Islam.
Paper  ini  mendiskusikan  praktik  pengajaran  Islam  dan  persepsi  pemangku
kepentingan  masjid  berkaitan  dengan  isu-isu  ideologis:  sebuah  sistem
pemerintahan demokratik versus implementasi formal syari’at Islam; kesetaraan
jender; jihad, dan pluralism di masjid perkantoran Jakarta. Setelah deskripsi
temuan  penelitian,  paper  ini  menyimpulkan  bahwa  fenomena  neo-
fundamentalisme (meminjam Olivier Roy) sedang tumbuh dan berkembang di
masjid-masjid perkantoran. Ini terlihat dari dominannya intepretasi skriptural
dan literal, pentingnya menerima pelaksanaan formal syari’at Islam, kebencian
terhadap Yahudi dan Kristen dan kebangkitan aktor-aktor muda fundamentalisme
Islam. Temuan lain terkait dengan gerakan Tarbiyah, sebuah anak ideologi Ikhwanul
Muslimin (Muslim Brotherhood), yang cukup kental ditemukan di masjid yang
diteliti.  Mengkaji  pemahaman  Islam  akan  memungkinkan  kita  mengawasi
perkembangannya, yang mungkin menghancurkan wajah Islam yang ramah dan
damai.

Keywords


Office mosque; Islamic teaching; Democracy; Jihad; Gender equality; Pluralism

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v3i1.121-148

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