Institutionalising diasporic Islam: multiculturalism, secularism and the integration of Muslim immigrants in Britain

Amika Wardana

Abstract


The integration of Muslim immigrants in Western countries especially Britain has
attracted wider attention both from academia, policymakers and public in gen-
eral. Their different religion (i.e. Islam) has been regarded as the crucial factors
in the process contextualised by the socio-political circumstances of the host
society and the existence transnational link to the home country encouraging
them to reproduce and transplant their ethno-religious tradition in diaspora. The
article addresses the interplay between, on the one hand, the strong and weak-
ness of the politics of multiculturalism and the secularisation and desecularisation
of British society, and on the other, the institutionalisation of Islam in Britain amidst
the persistent internal divisions and fragmentations of minority Muslim immi-
grant communities. As the result, Muslim immigrants have set up an ethno-reli-
gious integration trajectory through their own established socio-religious institu-
tions and associations in parallel with the host country social and political ones.
Integrasi  imigran  Muslim  di  negara-negara  Barat  khususnya  Inggris  telah
memeroleh perhatian luas baik dari kalangan akademisi, pembuat kebijakan dan publik pada umumnya. Keragaman agama mereka (termasuk Islam) dipandang
sebagai faktor penting dalam proses yang dikontekstualisasi oleh lingkungan sosio-politik masyarakat setempat dan hubungan transnasional yang ada dengan negara
asal yang mendorong mereka mereproduksi dan mentransplantasi tradisi etno-religi mereka di diaspora. Artikel ini memaparkan hubungan saling pengaruh
antara  kekuatan  dan  kelemahan  politik  multikulturalisme  di  satu  sisi,  dan
institusionalisasi Islam di Inggris yang melahirkan pembagian dan fragmentasi
internal di kalangan komunitas imigran Muslim minoritas di sisi lain. Akibatnya,
imigran Muslim telah membangun peta integrasi etno-religi melalui lembaga-lembaga dan asosiasi-asosiasi sosio-religi mereka yang sudah mapan paralel
dengan lembaga dan asosiasi social dan politik negara setempat.

Keywords


Multiculturalism; Secularism; Muslims’ integration; Diaspora

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v3i1.31-72

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